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Great Philosopher


“Citizens of Athens,

This is a fact without any lies.

Whether it is big or small, I have never hidden anything and speak frankly.

Of course, I know much enough that I am hated because I do so.

However, the fact itself that I am hated is the evidence that what I am saying is true, and resenting and slandering me is the obvious evidence that what I speak is a fact as it is.

If you investigate this at the present or in the future, I believe that you will know that what I have just said is true.


In Apologia Sōkratēs, the Dialogs of Plato

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